Name: 
 

GOV DECLARATION



True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

At the time of the writing of the Declaration of Independence, only Virginia, Massachusetts, New York and Pennsylvania had their own governed, legislature and court systems.
 

 2. 

The Declaration of Independence was the first set of laws established for the new United States of America?
 

 3. 

The political ideas of John Locke inspired the writing of the Declaration of Independence
 

 4. 

The term, “all men are created equal,” is a generic term that referred to all mankind.
 

 5. 

Though slavery existed at the time of the writing of the Declaration of Independence, the words inspired African Americans to seek equality and were often quoted by Martin Luther King.
 

 6. 

The person who wrote the Declaration of Independence was chosen to write the document because he, himself, did not own any slaves.
 

 7. 

Dr. Martin Luther King quotes the Declaration of Independence in his famous, “I Have a Dream,” speech.
 

 8. 

Most dictators fear the words and ideas of the Declaration of Independence
Most ordinary, common people of the world are inspired by it’s ideas and words.
Most Americans take it for granted.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 9. 

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
a.
Thomas Paine
c.
Samuel Adams
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
John Adams
 

 10. 

The Declaration of Independence was signed on
a.
July 7, 1776
c.
July 4, 1781
b.
July 4, 1776
d.
August 8, 1781
 

 11. 

According to the Declaration, what gave Americans the right to start their own government?
a.
The Constitution
c.
The laws of nature and natures God
b.
English Bill of Rights
d.
The laws of nature and the Bible.
 

 12. 

What are unalienable Rights?
a.
Rights for aliens
c.
Rights provided in the Constitution
b.
Rights provided by the Declaration of Independence
d.
Rights that cannot be taken away.
 

 13. 

As discussed in class, the Declaration is three things. Which item below is not one of those things.
a.
An plan for a new American Government
c.
A list of grievances
b.
A declaration of war
d.
A statement of philosophy
 

 14. 

According to the Declaration, what is the purpose of government?
a.
Provide services and a good life for the citizens.
c.
Protect unalienable rights of citizens
b.
To provide laws that apply equally to everyone.
d.
That point is not discussed in the Declaration.
 

 15. 

According to the Declaration, where does government get it’s power?
a.
The Constitution
c.
The consent of the governed
b.
The Bill of Rights
d.
The consent of the government
 

 16. 

Students are protesting the war in Iraq. The government tells them that they cannot protest. The students feel their rights are being violated so they call for the overthrow of the government and the installation of a Communist government in its place. What does the Declaration say about this.
a.
The students have a right to overthrow the government if it is destructive to their freedom.
c.
The students have a right to overthrow the government but not install a Communist government because Communists are dictators.
b.
The students have a right to protest but they do not have a right to overthrow the government.
d.
The students have to follow the procedures outlined in the Declaration to prove the government is oppressing them
 

 17. 

What does the Declaration say about human nature?
a.
People are never satisfied
c.
People who are being oppressed are quick to demand changes
b.
People are more likely to suffer under an oppressive government than change it
d.
People often do not know when they are being oppressed.
 

 18. 

To whom was the Declaration addressed?
a.
King George of England
c.
The Parliament
b.
King Henry of England
d.
General Cornwallis
 

 19. 

“He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good” What does this mean?
a.
The king has refused to write new laws necessary for the public good.
c.
The king has refused to agree to necessary laws
b.
The king has refused to allow parliament to write necessary laws.
d.
The king has refused to discuss laws, necessary for ht colonies.
 

 20. 

The Declaration refers often to “legislatures” in the colonies. What are legislatures?
a.
Places where laws are enforced
c.
Another name for the court system
b.
The part of government used by the king to enforce the laws.
d.
Places where laws are written
 

 21. 

At what meeting was the Declaration of Independence written.
a.
First Continental Congress
c.
Declaration Convention
b.
Second Continental Congress
d.
Constitution Convention
 

 22. 

Before writing the Declaration, the colonists made one last attempt to make peace with the king. What was that attempt called?
a.
The Declaration of Peace
c.
The Olive Branch Petition
b.
The Declaration of Loyalty
d.
The Olive Branch Demands
 

 23. 

“He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power” Why was this offensive to Americans?
a.
We believe the civilians should be superior to the military except in time of war
c.
The military should be superior to civilians but not the civil government
b.
We believe the civilians should always be superior to the military.
d.
We believe that the military should be mannerly and show respect for civilians
 

 24. 

“For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us” What does this mean?
a.
The king sent large armies into Canada
c.
Civilians were forced to take soldiers into their homes.
b.
The king sent large armies into New York
d.
The colonists had to pay for one quarter of the cost of British armies.
 

 25. 

”For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States” What is a mock trial?
a.
A trial that makes fun of the colonists
c.
A trial in which the outcome is decided before the trial begins.
b.
A trial that is not serious
d.
A trial that “mocks” the British
 

 26. 

The words of the Declaration clearly show that the main desire of the colonists was to get  _____ .
a.
better trade with England and other countries of the world
c.
more money for their exports.
b.
fewer taxes so the colonists could protect their wealth
d.
respect and freedom.
 

 27. 

What does, “appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions,” mean?
a.
we appeal to the Supreme Court of the U.S. that what we are doing is legal.
c.
we appeal to god to prove what we are doing is moral.
b.
We appeal to the United Nations to prove what we are doing is legal
d.
we appeal to god to punish us if what we are doing is not legal
 

 28. 

“And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor” What is divine providence?
a.
God conceived as the power sustaining and guiding human destiny
c.
As long as the colonists pledge their lives and honor, god will protect them
b.
The king is at odds with god in this matter.
d.
The army of Washington, camped at Providence, RI will protect the colonists.
 

 29. 

The Declaration of Independence was written in
a.
Philadelphia
c.
New York
b.
Boston
d.
Washington D.C.
 

 30. 

What political philosophy inspired the writing of the Declaration of Independence?
a.
Plato’s Republic
c.
Rationalism
b.
Aristilian Logic
d.
The Enlightenment
 



 
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