Name: 
 

GOV CH 3 AND VOCAB



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which primary source would probably be more accurate and reliable?
a.
political cartoon
c.
photograph
b.
personal journal
d.
letter
 

 2. 

When a law is declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
a.
the Congress must amend the Constitution
c.
the law is null and void
b.
the president must concur with the court for the law to be invalid
d.
Congress may override the decision by a two-thirds vote of both houses
 

 3. 



A _____ is a writ issued by a superior court that mandates or directs a specified course of action to be taken by an inferior court or other officer of the state
a.
ceriorie
c.
mandamus
b.
writ of appeal
d.
writ of ex post facto
 

 4. 

Twenty-five of the twenty-six constitutional amendments have been ratified by
a.
referendums in two-thirds of the states.
c.
three-fourths of the state legislatures
b.
a three-fourths vote of a National Convention, elected for that purpose
d.
special conventions called for that purpose in three-fourths of the states
 

 5. 

Which is the BEST example of a judicial check on the Congress?
a.
writing a minority opinion of the court
c.
reconsidering a controversial decision
b.
granting a writ of certiorari
d.
declaring a law unconstitutional
 

 6. 

An example of how presidents can informally amend the Constitution by their actions is
a.
submitting treaties to the Senate for ratification
c.
signing a bill into law
b.
the use of executive agreements
d.
nominating a new member of the Supreme Court
 

 7. 

Written changes or additions to a law or body of laws, such as the United States Constitution.
a.
Article V
c.
amendments
b.
Writ of Mandamus
d.
email
 

 8. 

Under a limited government, all citizens must live according to
a.
equal protection
c.
civil rights
b.
popular sovereignty
d.
the rule of law
 

 9. 

The Constitution's guarantee of freedom of religion and speech best illustrates the constitutional principle of
a.
popular sovereignty
c.
checks and balances
b.
federalism
d.
limited government
 

 10. 

The constitutional principle that the people are the source of any power given to the government is called
a.
separation of powers
c.
limited government
b.
federalism
d.
popular sovereignty
 

 11. 

The _____ is a provision of the Constitution that came about through the 1824 Supreme Court case of Gibbons v. Ogden. The court's decision helped create the basis for a national economy in which business could occur freely among the states. However, the clause put power over interstate commerce completely in the federal government's hands and forbade states to impose tariffs or taxes on their own exports.
a.
tariff clause
c.
business clause
b.
commerce clause
d.
NAFTA
 

 12. 

A _____ of government (federalism) is one in which the constitution divides power between a central government and regional governments, such as those in states. Each level of government has constitutional guarantees that its power is dominant within certain domains, but in general the levels share formal authority over the same territory and citizens.
a.
federation
c.
confederation
b.
constitutional form
d.
federal system
 

 13. 

The person most responsible for drafting the Bill of Rights was
a.
Benjamin Franklin
c.
John Adams
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
James Madison
 

 14. 

What is one way that Congress has a check on the president's authority?
a.
None of the above
c.
The Senate must approve of Supreme Court nominees
b.
The House must administer any presidential order.
d.
The Congress can declare any presidential action unconstitutional
 

 15. 

A _____ is a group of advisers appointed by the president. In the United States, members  are called "secretaries." They are the heads of the federal government's executive departments.
a.
"round table"
c.
cell
b.
cabinet
d.
caucus
 

 16. 

A basic principle of government that accompanies constitutional supremacy which states that government shall be carried out according to established law, and that both those who govern and those who are governed will be bound by this law
a.
republicanism
c.
federalism
b.
rule of law
d.
democracy
 

 17. 

Part of a system designed to limit a government's power by mandating that the power be balanced among all the government's different institutions. Each of these institutions has specific areas of control over activities of the other institutions to make sure that no one of them becomes tyrannical.
a.
Democracy
c.
checks and balances
b.
Confederation
d.
Anti-Federalism
 

 18. 

Which is NOT one of the methods in which the Constitution has been informally "amended" or changed?
a.
political parties
c.
popular referendums
b.
presidential actions
d.
Congressional law-making
 

 19. 

As commander in chief of the armed forces under the Constitution, which president sent American forces into conflict without a declaration of war by Congress?
a.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
c.
J. Edgar Hoover
b.
none of the above
d.
Lyndon B. Johnson
 

 20. 

A president's veto of a bill passed by Congress best illustrates the principle of
a.
federalism
c.
commerce clause
b.
checks and balances
d.
separation of powers
 

 21. 

The process of amending the Constitution is set up in
a.
Article II
c.
Article V.
b.
Article VII.
d.
Article III
 

 22. 

Which is NOT a significant reason for the adoption of so few suggested constitutional amendments?
a.
It is very difficult to get the support necessary in three-fourths of the states
c.
Competing social, economic and political interests make it difficult to command the broad support necessary to ratify an amendment
b.
Only 33 have been suggested
d.
The constitutional requirements for a two-thirds vote of both houses of' Congress is very difficult to achieve.
 

 23. 

The arbitrary or unrestrained exercise of power by an oppressive individual or government
a.
democracy
c.
tyranny
b.
federalism
d.
communism
 

 24. 

Which would NOT be considered a primary source?
a.
a newspaper editorial
c.
a court record
b.
an autobiography
d.
a government textbook
 

 25. 

The case of Marbury v. Madison is important because it established the constitutional precedent of
a.
civil rights
c.
national supremacy
b.
judicial review
d.
executive privilege
 

 26. 

Formal amendments to the Constitution may be proposed by
a.
a resolution passed by Congress and signed by the president
c.
a resolution passed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress.
b.
an executive order of the President, ratified by the Senate
d.
a National Convention, called by Congress at the request of three quarters of the states
 

 27. 

The Constitution requires that the president must see every bill passed by both houses of Congress before it becomes law. The president has the power to _____, or disapprove, any of these bills. If two-thirds or more of the membership of each house votes against the veto, they can override the president's decision.
a.
verify
c.
filibuster
b.
veto
d.
certify
 

 28. 

Today the Constitution serves as
a.
supreme law of the land
c.
plan of government
b.
an outline of the ideals of American government
d.
all of the above.
 

 29. 

Article I of the Constitution establishes
a.
rights of the people.
c.
purposes of the Constitution and American government.
b.
national and state governments.
d.
legislative branch of government.
 

 30. 

What would be the best example of a Supreme Court check on the Congress?
a.
The Supreme Court can carry out laws without congressional approval
c.
The Supreme Court can declare congressional legislation unconstitutiona
b.
The Supreme Court can override a congressional veto.
d.
The Supreme Court can ignore legislation under the writ of mandamus
 

 31. 

Which is NOT a role of the Constitution today?
a.
It describes how the ideals of American government should be achieved
c.
It is the supreme law of the land.
b.
gives unlimited authority to the government
d.
It tells us what our rights are
 

 32. 

Article III of the Constitution establishes
a.
the judicial branch of government
c.
the system of election.
b.
the states.
d.
the Bill of Rights.
 

 33. 

Contrary to constitutional provisions and so invalid.
a.
veto
c.
unconstitutional
b.
impeachment
d.
constitutional
 

 34. 

_____ is a power of the courts to decide whether federal and state laws or acts by the executive and legislative branches are constitutional. Is one way to change the Constitution and adapt it to modern situations.
a.
writ of Mandamus
c.
judicial review
b.
judicial veto
d.
Amending
 

 35. 

To rescind or do away with legislation.
a.
modify
c.
repeal
b.
impeach
d.
cash
 

 36. 

The part of the Constitution that sets out the basic guarantees of freedom and fair treatment by the government is found in
a.
the Bill of Rights
c.
Article III
b.
the Articles of Ratification
d.
the Preamble
 

 37. 

Which constitutional principle is better illustrated when the Senate rejects a presidential nominee for  the Supreme Court?
a.
judicial review
c.
separation of powers
b.
limited government
d.
checks and balances
 

 38. 

What did the founders do to prevent the govrnment from becoming too powerful?
a.
They called for a special session of Congress
c.
They developed the principle of executive privilege
b.
The eliminated checks and balances
d.
They separated the powers of the government
 

 39. 

Based on the separation of government power into executive, legislative, and judicial branches, the _____ of government was devised by President James Madison (1809-17). He created the plan in response to early fears that the federal government would become tyrannical, reasoning that if the powers were separate, no one of them would be able to dominate the others. The whole system was, and still is, regulated by checks and balances.
a.
Madisonian model
c.
The Anti-Federalism Madison plan
b.
Jeffersonian model
d.
Dolly Madison plan
 

 40. 

The period of time during which a public official holds office.
a.
lame duck
c.
session
b.
semester
d.
tenure
 

 41. 

Contained in Article VI of the Constitution, the _____ orders that federal laws and legitimate, constitutional federal actions preempt state and local laws and actions when there is a conflict between the two. According to Article VI, the main law of the land comprises the Constitution, the national government if it acts constitutionally, and all treaties. The clause helped shift the United States from a loose confederation of states to a more centralized federal system
a.
equal protection clause
c.
supremacy clause
b.
Bill of Rights
d.
preamble
 

 42. 

An introductory statement to an official document that usually explains the document's goals and purposes.
a.
table of contents
c.
preamble
b.
preface
d.
appendix
 

 43. 



A/An _____ agreement is an international agreement reached between the president and the head of another nation without obtaining senatorial approval.
a.
judicial
c.
congressional
b.
executive
d.
Senatorial
 

 44. 

Which is NOT true about the Constitution?
a.
It has seven articles.
c.
It has not been changed since it was ratified.
b.
It gives a general framework rather than specific details of government.
d.
It is relatively brief, having only about 7000 words.
 

 45. 

An order issued by a court to force a government to do something is called a
a.
writ of mandamus
c.
writ of habeas corpus
b.
bill of attainder
d.
writ of certiorari
 

 46. 

The constitutional principle by which the powers of government are divided into three branches is called
a.
federalism
c.
popular sovereignty
b.
representative democracy
d.
separation of powers
 

 47. 

The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are generally called the
a.
Preamble
c.
Bill of Rights
b.
Civil War Amendments
d.
American Creed
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 48. 

Ours is a government of laws, not men.
 

 49. 

In America the group (community) is more important than the individual.
 

 50. 

The Constitution is what the Supreme Court says it is.
 



 
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