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GOV CH-2 AND VOCAB



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

In England the principle of limited government was established by the
a.
English Bill of Rights
c.
Petition of Rights
b.
Magna Carta
d.
Declaration of Independence
 

 2. 

The Petition of Rights of 1628, prohibited the king from
a.
calling for new elections to Parliament
c.
collecting taxes
b.
raising an army
d.
imprisoning political critics without a trial
 

 3. 

The principle of government in which the people choose a limited number of individuals to make governmental decisions for all citizens is called
a.
representative government
c.
limited government
b.
constitutional government
d.
federalism
 

 4. 

Which is not included in Locke's Two Treatises on Government?
a.
Everyone is born with an obligation to obey the rulers of the state.
c.
Al persons are born with the natural rights to life, liberty and property
b.
Government is legitimate only with the consent of the governed
d.
The primary purpose of government is to protect the natural rights of its people.
 

 5. 

In the spirit of the Laws, 1848, Baron de Montesquieu suggested
a.
dividing government into three separate branches
c.
that countries are better off without a written constitution
b.
establishing federal systems
d.
that only an absolute monarchy can protect the natural rights of the people
 

 6. 

The first British colony in North America was established by Sir Walter Raleigh at
a.
Plymouth Bay
c.
Roanoke
b.
St. Augustine
d.
Williamsburg
 

 7. 

The first written constitution in North America was the
a.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
c.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Virginia Company Charter
d.
Mayflower Compact
 

 8. 

Which did not cause the colonists' grievances against the British government?
a.
the Navigation Acts of 1651
c.
the French and Indian War
b.
the Proclamation of 1763
d.
the Stamp Act of 1765
 

 9. 

Which is not true of the Second Continental Congress?
a.
It assumed the powers of central government
c.
It adopted the Declaration of Independence
b.
It raised an army and made Washington its commander in chief
d.
It published the revolutionary pamphlet, Common Sense
 

 10. 

The document that asserted the intention of the colonies to establish their own sovereign government was the
a.
Declaration of Independence
c.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Proclamation of 1763
d.
Constitution of 1789
 

 11. 

Which is not part of the Declaration of independence?
a.
the belief that all men are obligated to obey the divinely anointed monarch
c.
that the purpose of government is to protect the individuals natural rights
b.
the belief that natural rights are inherent and cannot be taken away by government
d.
that government derives its power from the consent of the governed
 

 12. 

A confederation is best characterized by
a.
the centralized nature of its political power
c.
it s democratic organization
b.
the limited responsibility and authority of the central government
d.
the independence of its executive authority
 

 13. 

Pilgrims from the Mayflower established a colony in 1620 at
a.
Plymouth
c.
Roanoke
b.
St. Augustine
d.
Williamsburg
 

 14. 

Which if not true of the government under the Articles of Confederation?
a.
Congress had one house
c.
the states retained their sovereignty
b.
Amendments required the consent of all the states
d.
There was a strong independent executive
 

 15. 

Which is true of the government under the Articles of Confederation?
a.
Each state sent two representatives and one senator to Congress
c.
The governors of each state selected the state representatives to Congress
b.
Each State's representation in Congress depended upon its population
d.
States could send two to seven ambassadors to Congress, but each state had only one vote
 

 16. 

Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress had all the following powers except
a.
the power to establish and control the armed forces
c.
the power to declare war
b.
the power to establish an overall federal court system
d.
the power to fix standards of weights and measures
 

 17. 

Under the powers granted by the Articles of Confederation, Congress
a.
declared war on Great Britain
c.
signed the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain
b.
pushed French troops north into Canada, and out of United States territory
d.
moved Native American tribes west of the Mississippi river
 

 18. 

Which was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
a.
Congress forced the states to meet military quotas.
c.
Congress could issue paper money, but could not control coinage
b.
Any three states could require an amendment to the Articles
d.
Congress could not impose direct taxes on all citizens.
 

 19. 

The 1786 convention with delegates from five states that issued a report calling for a constitutional convention to create a stronger central government was held in
a.
Williamsburg
c.
Annapolis
b.
Philadelphia
d.
Boston
 

 20. 

the only state not represented at the Constitutional convention was
a.
Georgia
c.
Rhode Island
b.
New York
d.
Maryland
 

 21. 

Who was the presiding officer of the Constitutional Convention?
a.
George Washington
c.
Alexander Hamilton
b.
Thomas Jefferson
d.
Benjamin Franklin
 

 22. 

Which was not part of the Virginia Plan?
a.
a unicameral legislature chosen by the state
c.
a national court system
b.
a national executive chosen by the legislature
d.
each state had representation in congress according to its population
 

 23. 

Commerce among the states
a.
is called intrastate commerce
c.
is called interstate commerce
b.
is prohibited by the Constitution
d.
was left up to each state to regulate by the Constitution
 

 24. 

The formal approval or adoption of a constitution or amendment is called
a.
enrollment
c.
ratification
b.
an agenda
d.
a grievance
 

 25. 

The party that strongly objected to the proposed Constitution was the
a.
Democratic-Republican
c.
Nationals
b.
Whig
d.
anti-Federalist
 

 26. 

The advantage of the Anti-Federalists was that they
a.
had prestige, time, and a better organization
c.
stood for the status quo
b.
had the support of the upper classes
d.
had control of the debate
 

 27. 

Who among the following was not one of the authors of the Federalist Papers?
a.
Alexander Hamilton
c.
John Jay
b.
Patrick Henry
d.
James Madison
 

 28. 

The strongest argument of the anti-Federalists against the proposed Constitution was that it
a.
was too democratic
c.
retained too much independence for the states
b.
lacked a bill of rights
d.
threatened the commercial development of the nation
 

 29. 

The government of the nation under the new Constitution was first located in
a.
Boston
c.
New York
b.
Washington D.C.
d.
Alexandria
 

 30. 

If you wanted information about your United States Senator, the best place to look would be the
a.
Statistical Abstract of the U.S.
c.
Book of States
b.
Congressional Directory
d.
The White House Directory
 

 31. 

_____ is the process by which Congress determines which public policy questions it will debate or consider.
a.
a veto
c.
a cloture
b.
agenda setting
d.
a straw vote
 

 32. 

_____ were those who opposed the U.S. Constitution during the fight over its ratification. They believed the Constitution was class-based, that it would undermine state powers, and that it would decay basic civil rights.
a.
Federalists
c.
Republicans
b.
Anti-Federalists
d.
Democrats
 

 33. 

A _____ organization has two sections or, literally, "rooms." The Congress is a _____ institution, since it has two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
a.
parliamentary
c.
bicameral
b.
unicameral
d.
legislative
 

 34. 

An organized refusal by consumers to buy specific goods, usually in protest against certain conditions of production or manufacturing.
a.
boycott
c.
veto
b.
cloture
d.
convention
 

 35. 

A document issued by a government that grants rights to a person, group of persons, or a corporation to carry on a certain activity.
a.
conviction
c.
trust
b.
character
d.
charter
 

 36. 

A _____ is a group of states or nations permanently allied for a common purpose. Its central government is usually much less powerful than its individual components' governments. The United Nations is one example.
a.
nation
c.
unicameral state
b.
bicameral state
d.
confederation
 

 37. 

People who are authorized to speak, vote, or otherwise act on behalf of others. (Representatives from state political parties to a national party convention serve as _____ to that convention.)
a.
delegates
c.
boards of directors
b.
presidents
d.
members
 

 38. 

Goods that a nation produces and sells to other nations
a.
imports
c.
transports
b.
exports
d.
trade
 

 39. 

A _____ is a group or bloc within a political party or the legislature whose members work together to achieve some special interest or advance a certain position.
a.
cloture
c.
faction
b.
delegate
d.
nationalist
 

 40. 

A _____ was a supporter of ratifying the first Constitution and of creating a federal union. Were proponents of strong central government.
a.
Democrat
c.
Federalist
b.
Republican
d.
Anti-Federalist
 

 41. 

Held in 1774, the _____ was the first formal assembly of the delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies (excluding Rhode Island). The Congress convened in Philadelphia from September 5 to October 26, during which period it adopted the Declaration of Rights and Grievances to protest Great Britain's enactment of the Coercive Acts against Massachusetts.
a.
Massachusetts Convention
c.
Second Continental Congress
b.
Virginia Legislative Session
d.
First Continental Congress
 

 42. 

America's first written constitution which called for a representative assembly, made up of elected representatives from each town to serve in that assembly and to make laws. It also called for the popular election of a governor and judges.
a.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
c.
Articles of Confederation
b.
Declaration of Independence
d.
U.S. Constitution
 

 43. 

Roger Sherman's plan to resolve the large-state/small-state controversy during the Constitutional Convention. He proposed a bicameral legislature in which representation in the lower chamber (the House of Representatives) would be based on population, and each state, regardless of size, would have an equal number of representatives in the upper chamber (the Senate).
a.
Pennsylvania Plan
c.
Virginia Plan
b.
Great Compromise
d.
New Jersey Plan
 

 44. 

Complaint
a.
grievance
c.
filibuster
b.
veto
d.
cloture
 

 45. 

Trade between two or more states.
a.
intrastate commerce
c.
vouchers
b.
interstate commerce
d.
mercantilism
 

 46. 

Government bodies primarily responsible for the making of laws.
a.
judicial bodies
c.
executive bodies
b.
departments
d.
legislature
 

 47. 

The legal authority of the officials, acts, and institutions of government, conferred by the people on the grounds that the government's actions are an appropriate use of power and that the government is a legally constituted authority.
a.
writ
c.
legitimacy
b.
contract
d.
autonomous
 

 48. 

A form of government in which the state serves public instead of private interests,  is based on the use of a written document that strictly controls the powers of government, such as the U.S. Constitution. General public understanding of this role also constrains the government's power. This system uses institutional checks to make sure the government does not overstep its bounds
a.
divine right of kings
c.
unlimited government
b.
limited government
d.
autonomous government
 

 49. 

The great charter that King John of England was forced to sign in 1215 as protection against the absolute powers of the monarchy. It included such fundamental rights as trial by jury and due process of law.
a.
English Bill of Rights
c.
Mayflower Compact
b.
Magna Carta
d.
Penn Treaty
 

 50. 

A document that stated that laws were to be made for the general good of the people, drawn up by Pilgrim leaders in 1620
a.
Mayflower Compact
c.
English Bill of Rights
b.
Magna Carta
d.
American Bill of Rights
 

 51. 

Individuals who feel strong loyalty and devotion to their nation.
a.
abortionists
c.
internationalists
b.
anti-nationalist
d.
nationalists
 

 52. 

Restrictions placed on colonial activity from 1651 to 1750 by Great Britain, which include the condition that only English ships could be used for trade within the British Empire
a.
Boston Tea Party
c.
Declaritory Act
b.
Stamp Act
d.
Navigation Act
 

 53. 

A plan proposed by William Paterson during the Constitutional Convention, which called for equal representation by all states (thereby favoring the smaller states).
a.
Virginia Plan
c.
New Jersey Plan
b.
Pennsylvania Plan
d.
Maryland Plan
 

 54. 

A 1787 congressional act that established a basic pattern for how states should govern new territories north of the Ohio River
a.
Declaritory Act
c.
Northwest Ordinance
b.
Mississippi Valley Ordinance
d.
Monroe Doctrine
 

 55. 

The name of the national legislative body in countries like England, Canada  and France.
a.
House of Representatives
c.
House of the Senate
b.
Parliament
d.
Lower Chamber
 

 56. 

A model
a.
session
c.
prototype
b.
term
d.
substitute
 

 57. 

To formally approve or give final consent to a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty
a.
veto
c.
cloture
b.
ratify
d.
vote
 

 58. 

A/An _____ is a legislature whose members are individuals who represent the population
a.
presidential department
c.
executive commission
b.
representative assembly
d.
jury
 

 59. 

The _____ , held from May 1775 to early 1781, established the Continental Army and led the colonies throughout the American Revolution. It is best remembered for its adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. It was succeeded by the Confederation Congress after the adoption of the Articles of Confederation in 1781
a.
First Continental Congress
c.
Second Continental Congress
b.
Constitutional Convention
d.
Independence Convention
 

 60. 

An act passed by the British Parliament in 1765 which placed the first direct tax on the colonies. The _____  required the use of tax stamps on all legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, playing cards, and certain business agreements.
a.
Stamp Act
c.
Legal Document Act
b.
Postage Stamp Act
d.
Intolerable Act
 

 61. 

status quo
a.
The status of the passage of a congressional bill
c.
The status of a quorum
b.
Changes in government action
d.
The existing state of affairs.
 

 62. 

A tax, imposed by the British Parliament in 1764, on all sugar imported into the American colonies
a.
Sweet Tax
c.
Sweet and Low Act
b.
Confectionery Act
d.
Sugar Act
 

 63. 

A compromise reached during the Constitutional Convention in which it was agreed that _____ of all slaves were to be counted both for tax purposes and for representation in the House of Representatives.
a.
one-half
c.
three-fifths
b.
one-quarter
d.
three-quarters
 

 64. 

A fifteen-resolution plan proposed by Governor Edmund Randolph during the Constitutional Convention. It recommended an entirely new national government favoring the larger states; it included a bicameral legislature, a national executive branch, and a national court system.
a.
New Jersey Plan
c.
Pennsylvania Plan
b.
Virginia Plan
d.
Articles of Confederation
 

 65. 

Trade between two or more states
a.
intrastate commerce
c.
multi-lateral state exchange
b.
interstate commerce
d.
intrastate trade
 

 66. 

Government bodies primarily responsible for the making of laws
a.
legislatures
c.
judicial bodies
b.
executive departments
d.
congressional perks
 

 67. 

The legal authority of the officials, acts, and institutions of government, conferred by the people on the grounds that the government's actions are an appropriate use of power and that the government is a legally constituted authority.
a.
illegitimacy
c.
legal-writ
b.
legitimacy
d.
writ of habeas-corpus
 



 
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