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GOV CH-13 THE PRESIDENCY

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Framers believed that _____ would be weakened if Congress was responsible for choosing the President.
a.
the system of checks and balances
b.
separation of powers
c.
the electoral college
d.
both a and b
 
 
MAIN IDEAS
 

 2. 

The electoral system broke down in the election of 1800 because of the
a.
appearance of a presidential primary.
b.
use of the national convention as a nominating device.
c.
rise of political parties.
d.
12th Amendment.
 

 3. 

A formal duty assigned to the Vice President by the Constitution is to
a.
preside over the House.
b.
choose the secretary of state.
c.
call Cabinet meetings.
d.
preside over the Senate.
 

 4. 

The national convention is held to accomplish all of the following EXCEPT
a.
adopt the party's platform.
b.
unify the party behind its candidates.
c.
select the party's delegates.
d.
pick its presidential candidate.
 

 5. 

All of the following are characteristics that usually determine who is nominated for President EXCEPT
a.
from a key larger State.
b.
controversial viewpoints.
c.
incumbency.
d.
married.
 

 6. 

The order of succession to the presidency after the Vice President is determined by the
a.
Presidential Succession Act.
b.
original Constitution.
c.
force of tradition.
d.
25th Amendment.
 

 7. 

As of January 20, 2001, the President receives a yearly salary of
a.
$900,000.
b.
$400,000.
c.
$50,000.
d.
$99,500.
 

 8. 

A presidential primary can be
a.
a process to select delegates to the convention.
b.
an election to determine voters' choice among candidates.
c.
both of the above.
d.
none of the above.
 

 9. 

The Framers of the Constitution called for the President to be elected by
a.
a direct vote of the people.
b.
a body of electors.
c.
Congress.
d.
the State legislatures.
 

 10. 

Most presidential caucuses differ from Statewide presidential primaries in all of the following ways EXCEPT the
a.
ways in which delegates to the national convention are chosen.
b.
number of States that hold caucuses.
c.
main purpose for which the delegates are chosen.
d.
number of steps taken in choosing delegates to the national convention.
 

 11. 

During the nomination process, political battles are most likely to occur in
a.
presidential primaries in the party out of power.
b.
presidential primaries in the President's party.
c.
the Cabinet.
d.
the electoral college.
 

 12. 

Which of the following statements is NOT an argument against the electoral college system?
a.
A strong third-party effort might throw the election into the House.
b.
A candidate who loses the popular vote may still be elected President.
c.
The results depend upon how State congressional districts are drawn.
d.
An elector may vote for someone other than the voter-selected candidate.
 

 13. 

The major importance of the 12th Amendment is that it
a.
eliminated the possibility of a tie for the presidency.
b.
made electors' votes automatic.
c.
required electors to pledge to vote for their party's chosen candidate.
d.
did away with the electoral college system.
 

 14. 

The first session of the national convention is generally devoted to
a.
reporting information.
b.
voting for candidates.
c.
giving speeches.
d.
drafting the platform.
 

 15. 

One of the major flaws in the electoral college system is that
a.
the incumbent President is usually reelected.
b.
the winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed the presidency.
c.
the majority party in Congress has an advantage when the electorate votes.
d.
electors are required to vote according to the wishes of their constituency.
 

 16. 

The President may decide to resume duties after an illness by informing Congress that no inability exists, but that decision can be challenged by
a.
the Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet.
b.
Congress.
c.
any representative in the House of Representatives.
d.
the Vice President.
 

 17. 

The main argument in favor of limiting the President to a single 6-year term is that it would
a.
keep the President from being a "lame duck" in the second term.
b.
limit the unprecedented power of the President.
c.
free the President from the demands of a second-term campaign.
d.
permit more qualified people to serve as President.
 

 18. 

The least number of presidential electors a State can have is
a.
four.
b.
two.
c.
one.
d.
three.
 

 19. 

Which of the following is NOT a formal qualification for the presidency?
a.
must be a "natural born Citizen" of the United States
b.
must have extensive prior political experience
c.
must have lived in the United States for at least 14 years
d.
must be at least 35 years old
 

 20. 

Which of the following is a way that presidential disability is determined?
a.
The Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet inform Congress in writing.
b.
Congress asks the Vice President to evaluate the President's condition.
c.
The Senate states, in writing, that the President is incapacitated.
d.
The President gives a speech explaining who will take over.
 

 21. 

Which of the following statements is NOT an argument for direct popular election of the President?
a.
Each vote would count equally in the national result.
b.
Direct popular election would be a simple, easily understood process.
c.
The small States would gain an advantage in a direct election plan.
d.
The winner would always be the majority choice.
 

 22. 

The first and most widely publicized caucus today is held in the State of
a.
Iowa.
b.
New Hampshire.
c.
New Jersey.
d.
California.
 

 23. 

According to the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, which of these officers follows the Vice President in the line of presidential succession?
a.
secretary of state
b.
president pro tempore of the Senate
c.
secretary of the treasury
d.
Speaker of the House
 

 24. 

The most widely supported plan for reform of the electoral college is the
a.
district plan.
b.
national bonus plan.
c.
direct popular election plan.
d.
proportional plan.
 

 25. 

According to the Constitution, the President must
a.
be a man who owns property.
b.
have lived in the U. S. for at least 20 years.
c.
be at least 35 years of age.
d.
have held one major public office.
 

 26. 

If an incumbent President is seeking another term in office, who will his party likely nominate?
a.
the House majority leader
b.
the President
c.
the Vice President
d.
the Speaker of the House
 

 27. 

Most of the sessions at the national convention are spent
a.
listening to party speeches and reports.
b.
selecting the party's presidential candidate.
c.
electing the convention's committee members.
d.
listening to the keynote address.
 

 28. 

A State's presidential electors are chosen by
a.
popular vote.
b.
its members in Congress.
c.
a State convention.
d.
the State legislature.
 

 29. 

In case the President is disabled, the way the Vice President becomes President is determined by the
a.
original Constitution.
b.
Presidential Succession Act.
c.
25th Amendment.
d.
Congress.
 

 30. 

A President can serve no more than _____ years in office.
a.
12
b.
4
c.
8
d.
10
 

 31. 

The nation “played with fate” for nearly 180 years because
a.
the Presidential Succession Act had not yet been passed.
b.
no constitutional or congressional provision defined presidential disability.
c.
the President could not fire the Vice President.
d.
eight Presidents died in office.
 

 32. 

The majority of the proposed reforms to the current electoral college system
a.
also contain flaws.
b.
eliminate the national convention.
c.
incorporate some form of direct election.
d.
none of the above.
 
 
INTERPRETING MAPS
Use the map to answer the following questions.

nar002-1.jpg
 

 33. 

On this map, the size of each State is determined by
a.
its actual physical area.
b.
its number of members in the Senate.
c.
its population.
d.
the number of its electoral votes.
 

 34. 

The States with the largest electoral vote include
a.
Texas and Florida.
b.
Pennsylvania and Illinois.
c.
California and New York.
d.
Alaska and Hawaii.
 

 35. 

The number of electoral votes that Iowa has is
a.
nine.
b.
twelve.
c.
five.
d.
seven.
 

 36. 

The figure 11 for Washington indicates that the State has 11
a.
representatives.
b.
districts.
c.
senators.
d.
presidential electors.
 

 37. 

If the winner of the popular vote does not win the presidency,
a.
the election is thrown into the House of Representatives.
b.
the people must find another way to elect a President.
c.
the will of the people has been subverted.
d.
this proves that direct democracy would not work.
 

 38. 

Which of the following is eligible to run for the presidency: a 45-year old banker who was born and raised in Wyoming or a 30-year-old State legislator who was born in Virginia, lived abroad for 10 years, then returned to Virginia?
a.
the State legislator
b.
the banker
c.
neither a nor b
d.
both a and b
 

 39. 

Little-known candidates are at a greater disadvantage than ever because
a.
delegate selection is so complicated.
b.
Primary schedules are so spread out that a candidacy loses steam from State-to-State.
c.
State laws require candidates to announce their candidacies so early.
d.
State primaries occur too close together to gain name recognition and raise money between contests.
 

 40. 

Typically, the wrench in the gears of the electoral college that causes the election to be thrown into the House is
a.
the presidential electors.
b.
the Supreme Court.
c.
a strong minor party candidate.
d.
the Congress.
 

 41. 

If a Republican presidential candidate from the South is considered unsupportive of women’s rights, he might “balance the ticket” by choosing _____ as a running mate.
a.
a southerner
b.
an African American
c.
a Republican
d.
a woman
 

 42. 

If a party has been losing support nationally, it may depend heavily on the _____ to begin to reverse that trend.
a.
national convention
b.
voters
c.
electoral college
d.
presidential primary
 

 43. 

The roles a President must play are
a.
largely symbolic.
b.
all equal in importance.
c.
spelled out in the Constitution.
d.
none of the above.
 

 44. 

If a successor to the presidency has served three years of the predecessor’s term, how many more years is he eligible to serve as President in his own right?
a.
4 years
b.
8 years
c.
7 years
d.
10 years
 

 45. 

A President may need to produce evidence of his ability to perform the powers and duties of his office in the event that
a.
he loses a bid for reelection.
b.
war breaks out during his term of office.
c.
the Vice President and a majority of the Cabinet challenge this ability.
d.
none of the above.
 

 46. 

All of the following contributed to today’s presidential selection system EXCEPT
a.
the 25th Amendment.
b.
the election of 1800.
c.
the appearance of political parties.
d.
the 12th Amendment.
 

 47. 

Should the “winner-take-all” flaw of the electoral college become a recurring problem, it would likely cause
a.
a drop in voter turnout.
b.
a rise in voter turnout.
c.
more elections to be decided in the House.
d.
none of the above.
 

 48. 

The problem with the results of the election of 1796 was that
a.
the President and Vice President were from opposing parties.
b.
a Federalist captured the presidency.
c.
two presidential candidates tied for the office.
d.
a Democratic-Republican captured the vice presidency.
 

Matching
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
chief executive
b.
presidential succession
c.
platform
d.
commander in chief
 

 49. 

the President's role as the head of the armed forces
 

 50. 

the plan by which a presidential vacancy is filled
 

 51. 

the formal statement of a political party's basic principles
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
electorate
b.
platform
c.
keynote address
d.
electoral college
 

 52. 

the speech given by an important party member at the first session of the national convention
 

 53. 

the mass of people who actually cast votes in an election
 

 54. 

the name of the group that makes the formal selection of the President
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
electoral college
b.
chief citizen
c.
chief of state
d.
chief executive
e.
chief administrator
f.
chief legislator
g.
presidential primary
h.
balance the ticket
i.
winner-take-all
j.
keynote address
 

 55. 

The President is the nation's ____, heading a large government organization.
 

 56. 

The ____ is the group of people chosen from each State and the District of Columbia to formally select the President and Vice President.
 

 57. 

Under the ____ system, a candidate who wins the preference vote in a primary automatically wins the support of all the delegates chosen in the primary.
 

 58. 

Presidential candidates often choose a running mate who can ____ by virtue of certain characteristics.
 

 59. 

As ____, the President holds broad power in domestic and foreign affairs.
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
chief diplomat
b.
presidential electors
c.
chief of state
d.
chief legislator
e.
proportional representation
f.
platform
g.
commander in chief
 

 60. 

As ____, the President is the symbol of all the people of the nation.
 

 61. 

____ must cast their State's formal votes for President.
 

 62. 

The basic statement of the party's policies and principles is known as its ____.
 

 63. 

Most States had to change their primary laws to account for the Democrats' ____ rule.
 



 
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