Name:     ID: 
 
Email: 

GOV CH-10 CONGRESS (NEW)

Matching
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
special session
b.
continuous body
c.
gerrymandered
d.
session
e.
single-member district
f.
term
 

 1. 

With just a fraction of its seats up for election at any one time, the Senate is the sole ____ in Congress.
 

 2. 

Congress must meet formally at least twice during each ____ to carry out the business of lawmaking.
 

 3. 

Voters choose among candidates running exclusively in their districts under the ____ system of election.
 
 
IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS
Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the terms.
a.
apportioned
b.
reapportion
c.
continuous body
d.
at-large
e.
term
f.
special session
 

 4. 

An emergency may prompt the President to call a(n) ____ of Congress.
 

 5. 

Seats in the House of Representatives are ____ among the States according to their populations.
 

 6. 

States with only one member in the House of Representatives use the ____ system to elect their representative.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 
 
MAIN IDEAS
 

 7. 

The lawmaking function of Congress is central to democracy because
a.
it enables elected representatives to do the daily work of government.
b.
it frees members of Congress from the pressures of public opinion.
c.
legislative powers are necessary to check the power of the President.
d.
it is the means by which the public will becomes public policy.
 

 8. 

Which qualification for House members is NOT in the Constitution?
a.
must live in the State from which chosen
b.
must be at least 25 years old
c.
must have been a citizen for at least seven years
d.
must live in the district being represented
 

 9. 

Which statement about the Senate is true?
a.
Seats are apportioned among the States according to their populations.
b.
Each member represents one congressional district.
c.
It has two members from each State.
d.
Its members are chosen by State legislatures.
 

 10. 

Which fact disqualifies a person from representing Utah in the Senate?
a.
The candidate was born in Guatemala.
b.
The candidate has been a citizen for eight years.
c.
The candidate lives in Utah but works in Idaho.
d.
The candidate is 43 years old.
 

 11. 

The fact that all congressional districts in a State must have about the same number of people so that one person's vote is equal to another's, is due to the
a.
Census Bureau.
b.
17th Amendment.
c.
Wesberry v. Sanders ruling.
d.
Reapportionment Act of 1929.
 

 12. 

Compensation for senators is
a.
higher than for representatives.
b.
the same as for representatives.
c.
set by the Constitution.
d.
set by the President.
 

 13. 

In Congress, screening bills for floor consideration is a major duty of
a.
committee members.
b.
constituent servants.
c.
constituent representatives.
d.
politicians.
 

 14. 

The regular period of time during which Congress conducts its business is called a
a.
congressional meeting.
b.
session.
c.
prorogue.
d.
special session.
 

 15. 

The House may refuse to seat a member-elect only if he or she
a.
does not meet informal standards set by two-thirds of the members.
b.
has violated the code of ethics passed by the House in 1977.
c.
does not meet constitutional standards of age, citizenship, and residency.
d.
has engaged in disorderly behavior.
 

 16. 

The number of Senate seats held by each State is
a.
based on State populations.
b.
fixed by the Constitution.
c.
set by the Census Bureau.
d.
the same as the number of House seats.
 

 17. 

Few members of Congress today
a.
are white males.
b.
are married.
c.
have college degrees.
d.
are minorities.
 

 18. 

Members of Congress fill all of the following roles EXCEPT that of
a.
committee member.
b.
servant to constituents.
c.
Cabinet member.
d.
legislator.
 

 19. 

The Framers of the Constitution favored bicameralism because
a.
two houses could block the acts of a single President.
b.
one house would spend more money than two.
c.
Great Britain had only one house of Parliament.
d.
it allowed for fair and equal representation of the States at the national level.
 

 20. 

Which of the following is true of the House of Representatives?
a.
The total number of seats in the House is fixed by the Constitution.
b.
It currently has 100 members.
c.
The number of terms a representative may serve is fixed by the Constitution.
d.
Every State is represented by at least one member.
 

 21. 

Which group has generally used its power to gerrymander congressional districts?
a.
the House of Representatives
b.
State legislatures
c.
Congress
d.
the Census Bureau
 

 22. 

Which of the following is required of candidates for the House of Representatives due to longstanding custom?
a.
must be at least 25 years old
b.
must have been a citizen of the United States for at least seven years
c.
must currently reside in the district he or she represents
d.
must be an inhabitant of the State from which he or she is elected
 

 23. 

On the average, which group of people occupy the majority of seats in Congress?
a.
African Americans
b.
white, middle-aged men
c.
women
d.
Asian Americans
 

 24. 

When must congressional elections be held?
a.
the Monday after the first Tuesday in November of each odd-numbered year
b.
the first Tuesday of every November
c.
the second day of January in odd years
d.
the Tuesday after the first Monday in November of each even-numbered year
 

 25. 

Which statement about congressional districts is true?
a.
There are three for every seat in the House.
b.
Their lines are drawn by State courts.
c.
They function as voting districts within each State.
d.
They are apportioned by the Constitution.
 

 26. 

Senators are elected to serve
a.
two-year terms.
b.
three-year terms.
c.
four-year terms.
d.
six-year terms.
 

 27. 

Which of the following is a qualification for senators?
a.
must have been born in the State from which elected
b.
must be at least 40 years old
c.
must have been a citizen for at least nine years
d.
must have a degree in law
 

 28. 

Before the 17th Amendment was adopted, senators were chosen by
a.
select House committees.
b.
the people of each State.
c.
the State legislatures.
d.
special State conventions.
 

 29. 

Why does the Constitution guarantee that the courts may not prosecute members of Congress for what they say in the House or Senate in relation to congressional business?
a.
Members never criticize one another.
b.
Members have the same privileges in their districts.
c.
Freedom of speech is a vital part of legislative debate.
d.
The courts have no jurisdiction in Washington, D.C.
 

 30. 

All of the following are differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate EXCEPT
a.
method of election.
b.
length of term.
c.
size of the membership.
d.
size of constituency.
 
 
INTERPRETING POLITICAL CARTOONS
Use the cartoon to answer the following questions.

nar002-1.jpg
 

 31. 

What attitude toward the senator does the cartoon seem to convey?
a.
objectivity
b.
approval
c.
disapproval
d.
sympathy
 

 32. 

Which of the following characteristics does NOT describe this senator?
a.
He is relatively free from concern about his constituents' interests.
b.
He considers himself to be the servant of his constituents.
c.
He is white, male, and middle-aged.
d.
He has access to the media.
 

 33. 

Who are the men in the cartoon meant to represent?
a.
a senator and a pollster
b.
a senator and a representative
c.
a senator and a constituent
d.
a senator and a reporter
 

 34. 

What point is the cartoonist trying to make?
a.
The press is obligated to expose corruption in Congress.
b.
Constituents want favors from members of Congress, not just laws.
c.
Some senators see themselves as privileged and exempt from public opinion.
d.
Members of Congress feel that most people do not appreciate the difficulties of law-making.
 

 35. 

The term of Congress has remained the same since 1789, but
a.
the length of its sessions has grown.
b.
the frequency of special sessions has increased.
c.
will probably change in the near future.
d.
there is no constitutional basis for this.
 

 36. 

The amount of business that Congress must handle has the side effect of
a.
shortening the length of each session.
b.
eroding the voters’ confidence in their representatives.
c.
lessening the likelihood of a special session.
d.
lengthening the term of Congress.
 

 37. 

The fact that the Senate has been called into special session 46 times, while the House has never been called into special session is a reflection of
a.
the undemocratic nature of the Senate.
b.
bicameralism.
c.
the Senate’s longer term.
d.
special powers the Constitution grants only to the Senate.
 

 38. 

The fact that Alaska has only one seat in the House is a reflection of all of the following EXCEPT
a.
the size of its population.
b.
the most recent census.
c.
its status as a State in the union.
d.
its geographic size.
 

 39. 

When Congress chose not to reapportion following the 1920 census, it
a.
lost part of its membership.
b.
amended the Constitution to that effect.
c.
was following unwritten custom.
d.
violated the Constitution.
 

 40. 

The party in power tends to lose seats in off-year elections because
a.
voters want to show support for the President.
b.
voters are reacting to the President’s policies.
c.
the coattail effect has worn off by then.
d.
both b and c
 

 41. 

At-large elections were unfair because they
a.
ignored the voice of a large segment of the population.
b.
resulted in gerrymandered districts.
c.
gave too much weight to a State’s geographic size.
d.
both a and c
 

 42. 

To eliminate the problem of gerrymandering, Congress could
a.
require State legislatures to draw congressional districts.
b.
require a bipartisan panel elected by the people of the State to draw congressional districts.
c.
require the national legislature to draw congressional districts.
d.
require members to be chosen on the single-member district basis.
 

 43. 

Rural over-representation at the State level translated into
a.
minority over-representation at the national level.
b.
rural over-representation at the national level.
c.
rural under-representation at the national level.
d.
Democratic over-representation at the national level.
 

 44. 

All of the following are possible reasons why the Senate is called the “upper house” EXCEPT
a.
the qualifications for members.
b.
the length of a senator’s term.
c.
its size.
d.
the size of each senator’s constituency.
 

 45. 

With the passage of the 17th Amendment, _____ became less important for election to the Senate.
a.
having friends in the House of Representatives
b.
wealth
c.
both a and b
d.
neither a nor b
 

 46. 

The fact that the members of Congress are not a representative cross section of the American public might be due to all of the following EXCEPT
a.
lack of financial resources among particular groups.
b.
low voter turnout among particular groups.
c.
voter eligibility requirements that are difficult to meet.
d.
lack of educational opportunities among particular groups.
 

 47. 

While those who vote a straight-party ticket would likely prefer their senators and representative to vote as _____, independents would no doubt prefer _____.
a.
delegates/trustees
b.
delegates/partisans
c.
partisans/trustees
d.
trustees/partisans
 

 48. 

Roughly speaking, interest groups and Congress have one similar function, as both
a.
check up on one or more branches of government to see that they are doing their jobs.
b.
strive to influence public opinion.
c.
try to stimulate interest in public affairs.
d.
represent their members on the basis of geography.
 

 49. 

The purpose of the Speech or Debate Clause can be compared with
a.
limits on campaign spending.
b.
the ability of both houses to expel a member for disorderly conduct.
c.
the Framers’ agreement to keep the proceedings of the Constitutional Convention secret.
d.
the reluctance of members of Congress to risk voter backlash by raising their own pay.
 



 
         Start Over